The archaeological site of Olympia is located 110 kilometers from the house in Monodendri.
The site of Ancient Olympia, birthplace of the Olympic Games, is so well known worldwide, that it needs minimum recommendations.
The origins of Olympia relate to the 3rd millennium BC, while in the 9th century BC it was already a sacred place that attracted many pilgrims.
In the 8th century, the reputation of Olympia reached Mesopotamia in East and Southern Italy in the West. From the year 776 BC and later, during the Olympic Games, a truce prevailed throughout Greece. The importance of the Olympic Games was such, that the chronological order of all the events in Ancient Greece was based on the Olympiads.
The area remained a center of worship until 393 AD, when the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I ordered the closure of all Greek temples. The area later suffered many disasters from natural causes while in the 9th century it was abandoned and deserted. Over the years it was covered with soil, several meters thick, because of the torrent Kladeous and the soil erosion in the Kronian Hill.
The discovery of the sanctuary of Olympia was made by the Englishman Richard Chandler, in 1766. The first major excavations at Olympia began in 1875, led by the German archaeologist Ernst Curtius and were funded by the German State.
Today, in the archaeological site of Olympia every four years, the lighting of the Olympic flame for the modern Olympic Game, takes place.
Archaeological Site - Museum Olympia
Church of St. Sophia (Frankish Byzantine)